Mining and quarrying
(Statistical data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine for 2016 is used)
The type of economic activity "Extraction of minerals and quarrying" includes the extraction of minerals found naturally in the form of solid rock (coal and ore), liquid (petroleum) and gaseous (natural gas). Extraction can be carried out by various methods, such as underground or open development of deposits, exploitation of wells, development of seabed, etc. Also, this type includes auxiliary activities that are carried out for the preparation of raw materials for sale: crushing, grinding, cleaning, drying, sorting, ore dressing, liquefaction of natural gas.
In this type of economic activity, 1.3 thousand active enterprises of Ukraine are employed (0.2% of the total number of active enterprises and 3.3% of the total number of industrial enterprises). Three of the leaders in terms of the number of active enterprises include Kyiv (13.7% of the number of active enterprises of this type of economic activity), Zhytomyr (12.7%) and Donetsk (9.9%) of the region.
The volume of sold products (goods, services) by enterprises of this type of economic activity - 230 billion UAH (13% of the total volume of industrial products sold). The largest volumes of sales: the sale of metal ores (38.8%, of which 57.6% is sold outside the country) and natural gas (36.1%).
The need for employers of mining and quarrying enterprises, according to the data of the State Employment Service, by employees at the end of 2016 amounted to 0.6 thousand. In 2016, out of the total number of registered unemployed, 5,900 people were employed in this type of economic activity. It is 6,2% lower than in the previous year and accounts for 1,4% of the total number of the employed unemployed.
The average monthly salary in this type of economic activity in December 2016 was UAH 8460 (of which 7995 UAH were extracted in coal and lignite), which is 18% higher than in the industry as a whole and by 30.7% higher, Than average salary in Ukraine. In general, in industry, women receive wages 25.3% lower than men.